You want your network domain to trust your users and their PIV credentials. Your workstations and server also need to be able to trust the network domain. Trust and certificate chains are reviewed in the Certificate Trust overview and this page includes information on configuring your network domain.
There are two Trust stores to consider for your network domain:
Trusted Root Certificate Authorities
You need to publish the Federal Common Policy Certificate Authority (COMMON) root certificate to the trusted root certificate authority trust stores on all your workstations, devices, servers and domain controllers.
For Microsoft and Apple, the COMMON certificate is included as a trusted root certificate authority by default. However, you may have your network and devices configured to not automatically update trusted root certificates published by any commercial trust stores.
You want to add COMMON root certificate to a Group Policy Object to publish COMMON as a trusted root for ALL the devices and user objects.
NTAuth Enterprise Trust Store
The NTAuth enterprise trust store is used by your network domain to determine which certificate authorities to trust specifically for authenticating users to the network. To understand the difference between the typical network domain Trust Stores and NTAuth, you may want to think of NTAuth as an explicit trust list of certificate authorities used for network authentication.
There are two very different options for what certificate authority certificates you need publish to the NTAuth trust store. Each option depends on the choice you make for linking your user accounts.
|Trust Store||Account Linking Approach||Certificates to Publish||Considerations|
|NTAuth||Principal Name||COMMON and ALL Intermediate Certificate Authority certificates||If your agency needs the ability to accept any PIV credentials for network authentication and has users with PIV credentials issued by another agency or partner, you will need to include all possible Intermediate Certificate Authority certificates.|
|NTAuth||altSecurityIdentities using Issuer+Subject as identifier||COMMON||*Please note: this line is in draft and needs to be tested for bridged intermediate certificate authorities.|
|NTAuth||altSecurityIdentities not using Issuer+Subject as identifier||COMMON and ALL Intermediate Certificate Authority certificates||If your agency needs the ability to accept any PIV credentials for network authentication and has users with PIV credentials issued by another agency or partner, you will need to include all possible Intermediate Certificate Authority certificates.|
To publish a certificate to NTAuth, you can use either a group policy object (recommended) OR the certutil tool.
Using certutil, you will need to have Enterprise Admin permissions for the domain.
To publish / add a certificate to NTAuth:
certutil –dspublish –f certificate_to_publish.cer NTAuthCA
To view all certificates in NTAuth:
certutil –viewstore –enterprise NTAuth
To propagate from the domain controller(s) to the enterprise, you’ll want to do a gpupdate: